Understanding Title IX

Title IX
Title IX


An experienced educator and practicing attorney, Mary Margaret (Meg) Penrose is a professor of law at Texas A&M University’s School of Law. Apart from teaching courses like Constitutional Law and Criminal Procedure, Mary Margaret Penrose serves as the Title IX auditor for a Division I state university athletic department and provides Title IX representation for its Division I coaches and departments. Below are some frequently asked questions about Title IX:

What is Title IX?
Alternatively referred as Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Title IX is a federal statute enforced by the Office for Civil Rights of the United States Department of Education. The main objective of Title IX is to prohibit any kind of discrimination in any federally funded education program or activity on the basis of a person’s sex.

Does Title IX only apply to athletics?
Title IX is applicable to all aspects of federally funded education from admission, recruitment, counseling, and financial assistance to academic and technical training, and the treatment of students who are pregnant or parenting. Title IX even covers faculty and staff members of the educational institution. Likewise, it also ensures equal opportunities to female students who participate in sports, allowing them equal access to sports scholarships, the use of sports gear, and stipends.

Is Title IX only for females?
Title IX is mainly focused on preventing sex-based discrimination in any educational program or activity funded by the federal government. It protects the right of any individual, whether male, female, or any perceived sex, so that they may receive their entitled benefits from their educational institutions.


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